Glossary

Adware: software that contains an “ad” (advertisement). Adware is a free software program in which an advertisement is displayed.
As a general rule, adware is not spyware in that the user is warned that the software will display advertisements.

 

Antivirus software: software making it possible to identify and remove computer viruses irrespective of the storage medium (hard disk, USB, CD-ROM, etc.). To be effective, this type of software needs to be frequently updated so that it can recognise new virus forms in circulation.

 

Browser: Program used to explore the Web. The market's two main browsers are: Internet Explorer (Microsoft) and Firefox (Mozilla).

 

Firewall: A firewall is a system (in the form of software or equipment) that prevents unauthorised traffic from entering or leaving your computer or network. All the messages to and from the Internet must pass through the firewall, which scans each message. The firewall blocks information that does not comply with the security criteria.

 

Card reader: The card reader is a security module that makes it possible to carry out banking transactions through BNP Paribas Fortis. To use the reader, you need a user number, a BNP Paribas Fortis bank card and the card's secret PIN.
 

Phishing: Phishing is an amalgamation of the words “fishing” and “phreaking” (computer fraud) and is a term which refers to obtaining confidential information (such as passwords and other private data) by pretending to be a trustworthy party who needs the information requested from the victims for legitimate purposes. It is a highly dangerous form of spam. The messages often inform the recipients that there are problems with their account and ask them to provide information about their account and themselves through a website.

 

Spam: is understood as "undesirable mail" in English. These messages are sent in bulk and generally contain sales messages (for medications, betting, lotteries and so on). Spam messages generally have illegal, misleading and/or harmful content. The senders generally hide their identity.

 

Spyware: This is a software program that hides itself away in your computer and spies on you when you surf the Internet, stealing your user details.
Spyware is often concealed in freeware applications or shareware that you download from the Internet. Spyware can scan files on a hard disk, install other spyware programs, read cookies, change your Internet start-up page, etc. Spyware can also read your confidential data and send them to Internet fraudsters. These fraudsters then use your data to send you unsolicited electronic advertising (spam) or sell on your data to others.

 

SSID: Your Wifi name, which is transmitted and identifies your point of access to all wireless computers.

 

Virus: A program that installs itself on your computer against your wishes and without your knowledge. It may conceal itself in a file (attachment) that you have downloaded from the Internet. A computer virus attaches itself to another program, which it overwrites or replaces with another program. It can damage your equipment, delete programs, slow down your computer, etc.

 

Vishing: a contraction of the terms Voice (voice/vocal) and Phishing (see above). A generally pre-recorded telephone call informs you of unusual movements on your card or account probably linked to attempted fraud and asks you to call a telephone number where you should identify yourself by disclosing confidential information.

 

Wifi: Wifi = wireless network

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