What is meant by a JPEG (JPG), GIF, TIFF or PNG format?

These are formats used to save photos or images.

  • JPEG (JPG) is the abbreviation of “Joint Photographic Experts Group” and is a format commonly used to save photos. The photo quality is better and the size of the file can be limited.
  • GIF is the abbreviation of “Graphics Interchange Format”. This format is commonly used on the Internet. This format limits the number of colour tones possible in the photo to 256. It is frequently used for logos, icons or black and white photos and the quality is lower.
  • TIFF is the abbreviation of “Tagged Image File Format” and is a format often used for high-quality photos. It is used for scanners, digital cameras and printers. Given the superior quality of the image, the file size is also very large.
  • PNG is the abbreviation of “Portable Network Graphics” and is a file format similar to GIF. The colour tones are not limited to 256. The disadvantage with this type of file is its size, which is generally very high.